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Nedenfor kan du finde abstracts fra de nyeste artikler indenfor udvalgte internationale tidsskrifter med infektionsmedicinsk relevans. Du kan under "Yderligere søgekriterier" vælge tidsskrifter, hvor langt tilbage i tiden og rækkefølge.
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Alberto Antonelli, Marco Coppi, Giulio Camarlinghi, Eva Maria Parisio, Maria Nardone, Eleonora Riccobono, Tommaso Giani, Romano Mattei, Gian Maria Rossolini
To evaluate different methods for testing carbapenem susceptibility of Escherichia coli producing KPC-type carbapenemase.
Zheng S, Zou Q, Wang X, et al.
AbstractBackgroundThe high case fatality rate of influenza A H7N9 infected patients has been a major clinical concern.MethodsTo identify the common causes of death due to H7N9 as well as identify risk factors associated with the high inpatient mortality, we retrospectively collected clinical treatment information from 350 hospitalized human cases of H7N9 virus in mainland China during 2013-2017, of which 109 (31.1%) had died, and systematically analysed the patient's clinical characteristics and risk factors for death.ResultsThe median age of infection was 57 years, whereas the median age of mortality was 61 years, significantly older than those survived. In contrast to previous studies, we found nosocomial infections, comprising Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella most commonly associated with secondary bacterial infections, which was likely due to the high utilization of supportive therapies, including mechanical ventilation (52.6%), ECMO (14%), CRRT (19.1%), and artificial liver therapy (9.7%). Age, time from illness onset to antiviral therapy initiation and secondary bacterial infection were independent risk factors for death. Age >65, secondary bacterial infections, and initiation of neuraminidase inhibitors therapy after 5 days from symptom onset were associated with increased risk of death.ConclusionsFatality among H7N9 virus infected patients occurred rapidly after hospital admission, especially among older patients, and was followed by severe hypoxemia and multisystem organ failure. Our results show that early neuraminidase-inhibitor therapy and reduction of secondary bacterial infections can help reduce mortality.
Wanlapakorn N, Maertens K, Vongpunsawad S, et al.
AbstractBackgroundThe blunting effect of maternal pertussis immunization during pregnancy on infant antibody responses induced by whole cell pertussis (wP) vaccination is not well-defined.MethodsThis randomized controlled trial (NCT02408926) followed term infants born to mothers vaccinated with tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap)-vaccine during pregnancy in Thailand. Infants received either acellular pertussis (aP)- or wP-containing vaccine at 2, 4, 6 and 18 months of age. A comparison group comprised wP-vaccinated children born to mothers not vaccinated during pregnancy. Antibodies against pertussis toxin (PT), filamentous haemagglutinin (FHA) and pertactin (PRN) were evaluated using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Functionality of antibodies against B. pertussis was measured using B. pertussis growth inhibition assay (BGIA).ResultsAfter maternal Tdap vaccination, 158 infants vaccinated with aP-containing vaccines possessed higher antibody levels (p < 0.001) against all tested B. pertussis antigens post-priming compared to 157 infants receiving wP-containing vaccines. At one-month post-booster, only anti-FHA and anti-PRN antibodies were still significantly higher (p < 0.001) in the aP group. Significantly higher anti-PT and anti-FHA (p < 0.001), but not anti-PRN IgG, were observed among 69 wP-vaccinated infants born to control mothers compared to wP-vaccinated infants of Tdap-vaccinated mothers after primary and booster vaccination. The antibody functionality was higher in all wP vaccinated infants at all times.ConclusionsMaternal Tdap vaccination inhibited more pertussis-specific responses in wP vaccinated infants compared to aP vaccinated infants, and the control group of unvaccinated women had highest pertussis-specific responses, persisting until after the booster dose. Antibody functionality was better in the wP groups.
Azza Abdel-Gadir, Emmanuel Stephen-Victor, Georg K. Gerber, Magali Noval Rivas, Sen Wang, Hani Harb, Leighanne Wang, Ning Li, Elena Crestani, Sara Spielman, William Secor, Heather Biehl, Nicholas DiBenedetto, Xiaoxi Dong, Dale T. Umetsu, Lynn Bry, Rima Rachid, Talal A. Chatila
Nature Medicine, Published online: 16 August 2019; doi:10.1038/s41591-019-0572-6Author Correction: Microbiota therapy acts via a regulatory T cell MyD88/RORγt pathway to suppress food allergy
International Congress on Infectious Diseases (ICID) 2020
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
20.02.2020 - 23.02.2020
Dansk Selskab for Intern Medicin (DSIM) årsmøde og overrækkelse af Hagedorn prisen 2020
Novo Nordisk Fonden, Tuborg Havnevej 19, 2900 Hellerup
Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) 2020
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
8.03.2020 - 11.03.2020
Når CROI går i fisk - med transmissioner fra CROI 2020
10.03.2020 - 11.03.2020
World TB day 2020
National handlingsplan for antibiotika til mennesker (2017)
Retningslinjer til sundhedsprofessionelle vedr. håndtering af infektion med zikavirus (2019)
Antiviral behandling af hiv smittede personer (2019)
Sustained reduction in third-generation cephalosporin usage in adult inpatients following introduction of an antimicrobial stewardship program in a large urban hospital in Malawi
15.02.2020Clinical Infectious Diseases Advance Access
Septoplasty for nasal obstruction
Complicit silence in medical malpractice
Preventing teenage pregnancies in Brazil
Appropriate care for pregnant women in Ebola outbreaks
Hvad tænker Professor Jens Lundgren om"Dolutegravir plus Two Different Prodrugs of Tenofovir to Treat HIV."?
Hvorfor synes Professor Troels Lillebæk, at du bør læse"The global prevalence of latent tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis."?
Hvad mener Professor Lars Østergaard om artiklen"Efficacy of antibiotic treatment in patients with chronic low back pain and Modic changes (the AIM study): double blind, randomised, placebo controlled, multicentre trial."?
Hvorfor anbefaler Professor Thomas Benfield artiklen"Oral versus Intravenous Antibiotics for Bone and Joint Infection."?
Hvorfor synes Professor Niels Obel, at du bør læse"Early, Goal-Directed Therapy for Septic Shock - A Patient-Level Meta-Analysis."?
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