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Eurosurveillance: Most Recent Articles, 15.08.2019
Tilføjet 16.08.2019 18:43
Angiostrongylus cantonensis in North African hedgehogs as vertebrate hosts, Mallorca, Spain, October 2018
In October 2018, two Atelerix algirus hedgehogs were admitted to the Wildlife Rehabilitation Hospital in Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain) with signs of acute neurological disease. Necropsy detected immature, fully developed nematodes in the subarachnoid space of both hedgehogs, including a gravid female worm. DNA-based molecular tools confirmed the nematode as Angiostrongylus cantonensis, an important aetiological agent of eosinophilic meningitis in humans. So far this zoonotic parasite in has not been reported in western European wildlife.
Eurosurveillance: Most Recent Articles, 11.07.2019
Tilføjet 12.07.2019 08:09
Extraordinary increase in West Nile virus cases and first confirmed human Usutu virus infection in Hungary, 2018
During the 2018 WNV transmission season, similarly to other endemic areas in Europe, a large number of human West Nile virus (WNV) infections were reported in Hungary.
We summarise the epidemiological and laboratory findings of the 2018 transmission season and expand experiences in flavivirus differential diagnostics.
Every patient with clinical suspicion of acute WNV infection was in parallel tested for WNV, tick-borne encephalitis virus and Usutu virus (USUV) by serological methods. Sera, whole blood and urine samples were also tested for the presence of viral nucleic acid.
Until the end of December 2018, 215 locally acquired and 10 imported human WNV infections were notified in Hungary. All reported cases were symptomatic; most of them exhibited neurological symptoms. In a large proportion of tested individuals, whole blood was the most appropriate sample type for viral nucleic acid detection, but because whole blood samples were not always available, testing of urine samples also extended diagnostic possibilities. In addition, the first human USUV infection was confirmed in 2018 in a patient with aseptic meningitis. Serological cross-reactions with WNV in different serological assays were experienced, but subsequent molecular biological testing and sequence analysis identified Europe lineage 2 USUV infection.
Careful interpretation and simultaneous application of different laboratory methods are necessary to avoid misdiagnosis of human USUV cases. Expansion of the laboratory-confirmed case definition criteria for detection of viral RNA in any clinical specimens to include urine samples could increase diagnostic sensitivity.
Eurosurveillance: Most Recent Articles, 26.09.2019
Tilføjet 16.10.2019 14:57
Increased detection of enterovirus A71 infections, Germany, 2019
We report on the increased circulation of enterovirus A71 in Germany in 2019. Strains were mainly identified in hospitalised patients with suspected aseptic meningitis/encephalitis. Molecular analysis showed co-circulation of EV-A71 sub-genogroups C1 and C4, a signal for physicians and public health authorities to include/intensify EV diagnostic in patients showing signs of aseptic meningitis, encephalitis or acute flaccid paralysis/myelitis.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 8.11.2018
Tilføjet 10.11.2019 18:59
Notes from the Field: Cronobacter sakazakii Meningitis in a Full-Term Neonate Fed Exclusively with Breast Milk --- Indiana, 2018
In January 2018, the Indiana State Department of Health was notified of a case of Cronobacter sakazakii meningitis in an infant who had been fed exclusively maternal milk.
HealthMap Global Disease Alerts, 13.08.2019
Tilføjet 13.08.2019 08:54
PRO/AH/EDR> Arboviral meningitis - Bulgaria: RFI
HealthMap Global Disease Alerts, 5.08.2019
Tilføjet 05.08.2019 08:57
PRO/AH/EDR> West Nile virus (23): Europe (Greece)
HealthMap Global Disease Alerts, 23.05.2019
Tilføjet 23.05.2019 18:13
PRO/EDR> Amebic meningoencephalitis, primary - India: (KL) fatal
Amoeba -- India1. Sood A, Chauhan S, Chandel L, Jaryal SC. Prompt diagnosis and extraordinary survival from _Naegleria fowleri_ meningitis: A rare case report. Indian J Med Microbiol 2014; 32(2):193-6; .2. Jain R, Prabhakar S, Modi M, Bhatia R, Sehgal R. _Naegleria_ meningitis: a rare survival. Neurol India 2002; 50(4): 470-2; .There have been 5 well-documented survivors in North America: one in the US in 1978, one in Mexico in 2003, 2 additional survivors from the US in 2013, and one from the US in
Amebic meningoencephalitis, primary - India: (KL) fatal" som kan hentes fra Dansk Selskab for Infektionsmedicin's hjemmeside via linket vist nedenfor:%0D%0A%0D%0Ahttp%3A%2F%2Finfmed.dk%2Fudbrud%3Frss_filter%3Dmeningitis%26setpoint%3D115921%23115921">
HealthMap Global Disease Alerts, 26.07.2019
Tilføjet 26.07.2019 19:06
PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal - Australia: (WA) sg W
HealthMap Global Disease Alerts, 25.08.2019
Tilføjet 26.08.2019 15:15
PRO/EDR> Meningitis, meningococcal - UK: non-group, cipro-resist, ex Saudi Arabia
Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines, 8.08.2019
Tilføjet 09.08.2019 04:37
West Nile Virus Neuroinvasive Disease On the Rise
Healthcare providers should consider arboviral infections in patients with aseptic meningitis or encephalitis and perform appropriate diagnostic tests, the CDC cautions.