Sidst opdateret 08.01.2020
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WHO har 1/12-2017 i en rapport fra Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization, SAGE, udgivet nye retningslinjer på baggrund af ny evidens om brugen af rabiesvacciner og rabies-immunglobulin (RIG).
Som noget helt nyt udbyder Statens Serum Institut en analyse, der med en blodprøve måler copeptin. Copeptin er relevant ved udredning af polyuri-polydipsi syndromer, fx. kan hypofysær og nefrogen diabetes insipidus adskilles ved måling af copeptid.
Other Plant Disease -- EgyptIn June 2019, leaf samples from hybrid tomato were collected from 4 regions in Fayoum and Ismailia governorates, Egypt. Twenty samples were collected from plants with viral symptoms and 9 from asymptomatic plants. The diseased samples had mosaics, deformation, and necrosis on the leaves, and discoloration and deformations on fruits.Samples were tested by DAS-ELISA. Of the diseased samples, 4 tested positive for _Tomato spotted wilt virus_ (TSWV), 3 each for _Pepino mosaic virus_ and
During a so-called "pep talk" given to employees of a New York City public hospital, the CEO chastised staffers for talking to the press.
Other Plant Disease -- ThailandIncidence of begomoviruses infecting tomatoes, peppers, and cucurbits was investigated in major production fields in the north, northeastern, central, and southern regions of Thailand between January 2015 and June 2017.Of 585 samples subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR), 57% were positive for begomovirus infection. Nucleotide sequence analysis of coat protein (CP) and replication initiation protein (Rep) genes identified 15 previously known begomovirus species, 7 of which were
When taken daily, preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) reduces the risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). PrEP is an important tool for preventing HIV among persons at substantial risk for HIV infection, including female sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender women, and persons who inject drugs.
Pests -- United StatesMany Virginia farmers may not realize it, but a new tick-borne disease is threatening their cattle and dairy animals, livestock experts say.A hemoprotozoa, a single-celled microorganism, is infecting herds in at least 21 Virginia counties, including Madison, Fauquier, Orange, Greene and Louisa.If Culpeper farmers spot its signs, one local expert -- Dr. Amanda Weakley-Scott, a Madison veterinarian specializing in livestock -- asks them to contact her.The 1st case in Virginia was
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) case-based surveillance continuously and systematically monitors HIV-positive patients throughout their clinical care until death.
Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease), caused by the parasite Dracunculus medinensis, is acquired by drinking water containing copepods (water fleas) infected with its larvae.
Other Animal Disease -- RussiaThe crops that bring us most of our food provide for 35 per cent of calorie intake, as well as most minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Nuts, melons, and berries will not grow without pollinating insects. Bees also pollinate citrus fruits, apples, onions, broccoli cabbage, zucchini, beans, peppers, eggplants, cucumbers, tomatoes, beans, coffee, cocoa, avocados, and coconuts. The production of these crops belongs to most valuable segments of the global food industry. Thus, the disappearance
-- United KingdomThe statement [in the source media report ProMED-mail post http://promedmail.org/post/20190523.6483054] that "The virus displays symptoms akin to _Tomato brown rugose fruit virus_ or _Pepino mosaic virus_" is inaccurate. STV [_Southern tomato virus_] was initially reported from symptomatic tomatoes in the US, but its link to the symptoms never proven. In several cases where it has been described since that initial report, it was in symptomless plants. As far as I know, there is to date no good
Other Plant Disease -- United States_Impatiens necrotic spot virus_ (INSV) was confirmed by the [University of Massachusetts] on pepper [capsicum] seedlings grown in a greenhouse. Symptoms of INSV on pepper include leaf distortion and tan or brown lesions that may or may not be circular. Wilting and necrosis of meristems may also occur.Management starts with discarding infected plants. Monitor and manage thrips populations in the greenhouse. Carefully inspect all incoming plant material for disease symptoms and thrips.
Sebastian Thole, Daniela Kalhoefer, Maria an der Heiden, Doris Nordmann, Inka Daniels-Haardt and Annette Jurke
When a person with contagious measles has travelled by aircraft, European guidelines recommend contact tracing of passengers and crew within 5 days of exposure for post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), and within 12 days of exposure for informing passengers and crew, in order to prevent further transmissions. To be effective, contact tracing requires prompt diagnosis, immediate notification of public health authorities and rapid availability of passenger contact data. We report two events of contact tracing initiated in Germany after two individuals with measles travelled on three international flights. In one event, contact tracing was initiated late because laboratory confirmation of a clinically diagnosed measles case was awaited unnecessarily. Accessing passenger contact data was difficult in both events because of data protection issues with the airline which was not based in Germany. In both events, passengers were not reached in time to provide PEP, and one event resulted in at least two secondary measles cases. As all passengers were reached before the incubation period ended, tertiary cases were most probably prevented. Public health authorities and the transport sector must collaborate to resolve competing legal regulations for infection prevention and data protection, to simplify and accelerate identification of air travellers exposed to communicable diseases.
Rift Valley Fever -- Région d'outre-mer de Mayotte, France1. Ministry of Agriculture and Food, France. Presentation: Rift Valley fever (RVF) situation in Mayotte, a French department in the Indian Ocean. EU - Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed (SCPAFF), 21 Mar 2019 committee meeting; .2. Chevalier V, Pepin M, Plee L, Lancelot R. Rift Valley fever -- a threat for Europe? Euro Surveill. 2010; 15(10): pii=19506; .3. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Rift Valley fever outbreak in Mayotte, France. Stockholm: ECDC;
Chronic Wasting Disease -- United StatesThe Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (DGIF) has confirmed chronic wasting disease (CWD) in a male deer (buck) legally harvested in Culpeper county in November 2018.A cooperating taxidermist submitted the sample to DGIF in late January . At the time this deer was harvested, the hunter did not notice any outward signs of disease and the buck appeared to be in good condition.While CWD has been documented in northwest Virginia for over 9 years, this deer was harvested
Enrico Ricchizzi, Katrien Latour, Tommi Kärki, Rossella Buttazzi, Béatrice Jans, Maria Luisa Moro, Olivia Aya Nakitanda, Diamantis Plachouras, Dominique L Monnet, Carl Suetens, Pete Kinross and the HALT Study Group
Antimicrobials are commonly prescribed and contribute to the development of antimicrobial resistance in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). In 2010, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control initiated point prevalence surveys (PPS) of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use in European LTCFs, performed by external contractors as the Healthcare-Associated infections in Long-Term care facilities (HALT) projects. Here, we investigated prevalence and characteristics of antimicrobial use and antimicrobial stewardship indicators in European LTCFs in 2016–17. Twenty-four European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia participated in the third PPS in European LTCFs. Overall, 4.9% (95% confidence interval: 4.8–5.1) of LTCF residents in the EU/EEA participating countries received at least one antimicrobial. The most commonly reported Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) groups were beta-lactam antibacterials/penicillins (J01C), other antibacterials (J01X) (e.g. glycopeptide antibacterials, polymyxins), quinolones (J01M), sulfonamides and trimethoprim (J01E), and other beta-lactams (J01D). Urinary tract infections and respiratory tract infections were the main indications for antimicrobial prescription. This PPS provides updated and detailed information on antimicrobial use in LTCFs across the EU/EEA that can be used to identify targets for future interventions, follow-up of these interventions and promote prudent use of antimicrobials in European LTCFs.
Rabies -- MalaysiaRef: Parize P, Dacheux L, Larrous F, Bourhy H. The shift in rabies epidemiology in France: Time to adjust rabies post-exposure risk assessment. Euro Surveill. 2018; 23(39): pii=1700548. Received: 2 Aug 2017; Accepted: 11 Feb 2018Abstract. The epidemiology of rabies in France and western Europe has changed during the past 22 years. In France, rabies in non-flying terrestrial mammals was declared to be eliminated in 2001, and the risk of rabies is now limited to contact with bats, rabid
Perrine Parize, Laurent Dacheux, Florence Larrous, Hervé Bourhy and the French network of antirabies clinics
The epidemiology of rabies in France and western Europe has changed during the past 22 years. In France, rabies in non-flying terrestrial mammals was declared to be eliminated in 2001, and the risk of rabies is now limited to contact with bats, rabid animals illegally imported from rabies-enzootic countries and traveller exposure in enzootic areas. We analysed the epidemiology of rabies in France from 1995 to 2016, describing and analysing data on human rabies surveillance as well as data on post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) collected from the network of French antirabies clinics. Over the study period, seven individuals were diagnosed with rabies in France, all of whom were infected outside mainland France. PEP data analysis revealed an expected overall decrease in PEP administration for individuals exposed in mainland France, but there was still overuse of anti-rabies drugs, given the very low epidemiological risk. On the other hand, a significant increase in PEP delivered to individuals exposed abroad was evidenced. These epidemiological trends indicate that clear guidelines should be provided to support physicians’ efforts to adjust rabies risk assessment to the evolution of the epidemiological situation.
Other Plant Disease -- Worldwide/UnknownThe whole of the Balkan region is facing big problems with virus infection. CMV (cucumber mosaic virus) is the primary problem, and the secondary being TSWV [tomato spotted wilt virus] on peppers [capsicum]. The problems are especially big in unheated greenhouses.Due to excessive virus damage, the  season is turning out to be very bad. Middle of May  symptoms appeared first on the top of the plants, then on the fruits, which stay small and deformed with brown-red stripes. All
International AIDS Conference (AIDS) 2020
6.07.2020 - 10.07.2020
International Liver Congress (ILC) 2020
27.08.2020 - 29.08.2020
World Sepsis Day
Det 8. videnskabelige nationale møde om infektiøs endokarditis
International Congress for Tropical Medicine and Malaria (ICTMM) 2020
20.09.2020 - 24.09.2020
COVID-19 retningslinje (2020)
National handlingsplan for antibiotika til mennesker (2017)
Retningslinjer til sundhedsprofessionelle vedr. håndtering af infektion med zikavirus (2019)
Infections in Patients Colonized with Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacterales – a Retrospective Cohort Study
30.07.2020Clinical Infectious Diseases Advance Access
Zoonoses: beyond the human–animal–environment interface
Ambulatory management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax: when less is more
Surgery for benign prostatic obstruction
Investing in surgery: a value proposition for African leaders
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