Sidst opdateret 08.01.2020
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Søgeord (pneumoni) valgt. Opdateret for 2 timer siden.23 emner vises.
Plague -- UgandaPlague, an acute zoonosis caused by _Yersinia pestis_, is endemic in the West Nile region of northwestern Uganda and neighboring northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) (1-4). The illness manifests in multiple clinical forms, including bubonic and pneumonic plague. Pneumonic plague is rare, rapidly fatal, and transmissible from person to person via respiratory droplets. On 4 Mar 2019, a patient with suspected pneumonic plague was hospitalized in West Nile, Uganda, 4 days after
Pneumonia -- FranceCassir N, Pascal L, Ferrieux D, Bruel C, et al.Abstract----------We report the 3rd outbreak of pneumococcal pneumonia within one year among workers in European shipyards. During January and February 2020, 37 cases of pneumonia were identified in a shipyard in Marseille, southeastern France. Outbreak control measures were implemented, including a mass vaccination campaign with 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine targeting all shipyard workers. Given the high mobility of
Nadim Cassir, Laurence Pascal, David Ferrieux, Christiane Bruel, Christophe Guervilly, Stanislas Rebaudet, Kostas Danis, Lora Kopec, Florence Fenollar, Emmanuelle Varon, Véronique Vig, Jean-Luc Lasalle, Lauriane Ramalli, Pierre Michelet, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Nicolas Persico, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Malfait and Philippe Parola
We report the third outbreak of pneumococcal pneumonia within one year among workers in European shipyards. During January and February 2020, 37 cases of pneumonia were identified in a shipyard in Marseille, south-eastern France. Outbreak control measures were implemented, including a mass vaccination campaign with 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine targeting all shipyard workers. Given the high mobility of shipyard workers, coordinated responses between European public health institutes are necessary to avoid further outbreaks.
Kristin Tolksdorf, Silke Buda, Ekkehard Schuler, Lothar H Wieler and Walter Haas
Information on severity of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) (transmissibility, disease seriousness, impact) is crucial for preparation of healthcare sectors. We present a simple approach to assess disease seriousness, creating a reference cohort of pneumonia patients from sentinel hospitals. First comparisons exposed a higher rate of COVID-19 patients requiring ventilation. There were more case fatalities among COVID-19 patients without comorbidities than in the reference cohort. Hospitals should prepare for high utilisation of ventilation and intensive care resources.
Maricopa County Department of Public Health in Arizona investigated a cluster of two genetically similar antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections in residents of the ventilator-capable unit of a skilled nursing facility to look for health care-associated bacterial spread.
Klebsiella pneumoniae, Tuberculosis, Other Human Disease, HIV/AIDS, Yellow Fever, Hepatitis, E. coli, Dengue, Trichinosis, Gastroenteritis, Staph, Hepatitis B, Pasteurellosis, Zika virus, Chikungunya, Hepatitis C, Pneumonia, Lassa Fever, Meningitis - Neisseria, Mycobacteria, non-TB, Taeniasis, Q Fever -- NepalGeographical variability in anticapsular IgG levels elicited by pneumococcal conjugate vaccines: Implications for clinical protection?Int J Infect Dis. 2020; 92(Mar): 259-260.William P
Rapid identification of a suspected case of pneumonic plague in the remote West Nile region of Uganda and the timely response by well-trained Ugandan health officials in the form of contact tracing, antibiotic prophylaxis, and community education prevented any additional cases of plague from occurring.
Plague -- DR CongoOn 22 Feb 2020, the Aungba Health Zone chief medical doctor was alerted that suspect bubonic plague cases were reported in the Ugunzu-Makangi village of the Aterlembe health area, Djugu territory, Ituri Province, DR Congo. Murine epizootics were also mentioned in the Makangi village. On 23 Feb 2020, the chief medical doctor of the Aungba health Zone (Lat 2 33' 00'' Long 30 30' 00'') was appointed to visit the health center of Aterlembe for 2 days to investigate suspect bubonic plague cases.
Plague -- DR Congo
COVID-19 -- China1. Yu Wen-Bin, Tang Guang-da, Zhang Li, Corlett R. (2020). Decoding evolution and transmissions of novel pneumonia coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) using the whole genomic data.2020. doi 10.12074/202002.00033. .- Mod.ASHealthMap/ProMED-mail map of China: ][See Also:COVID-19 update (11): animal reservoir, intermediate hosts, pangolin susp. http://promedmail.org/post/20200220.7009213COVID-19 update (08): companion animals, RFI http://promedmail.org/post/20200218.7002276COVID-19 update (06):
Morana Tomljenovic, Mato Lakic, Tatjana Vilibic-Cavlek, Sanja Kurecic Filipovic, Vesna Visekruna Vucina, Andrea Babic-Erceg, Miljenko Ljubic, Iva Pem Novosel, Maja Ilic, Irena Tabain, Jelena Ivancic-Jelecki, Lisa Hansen and Bernard Kaic
In May 2018, measles was introduced in the Dubrovnik region by an adult who recently travelled to Kosovo*. Control measures and an outbreak investigation were implemented: 15 epidemiologically-linked cases met the outbreak case definition of a visitor/resident of Dubrovnik-Neretva County with laboratory-confirmed measles and symptom onset beginning on May 19. New cases were identified through hospitals and primary care physicians. Throat swabs, urine and/or serum samples were collected from outbreak cases. RT-PCR detection of viral RNA and IgM/IgG was used to confirm infection. The median age of cases was 33 years, with one 8 month-old infant. Vaccination status was unknown for 9 cases, three were unvaccinated, one case had history of one dose and two cases reported receiving two doses of measles-containing vaccine. There were 11 hospitalisations and one person developed pneumonia. Control teams undertook an extensive search of contacts and implemented a range of control measures. Despite the outbreak occurring at the beginning of the summer tourism season, it was contained and did not spread to neighbouring regions. With continuing measles transmission in Europe, even small outbreaks create a burden on the health system in countries which have eliminated measles, and illustrate the importance of maintaining high immunisation coverage.
Pneumonia -- AfghanistanAt least 35 people including women and children have died in the past few weeks due to pneumonia outbreak in Badakhshan Province in the northwestern mountainous area, the provincial health department confirmed.Dr Noor Khawari, head of the provincial public health department, said [Sat 15 Feb 2020] that the people had died in the Wakhan district, a remote area surrounded by high and impassable mountains.He said that 15 of the dead were children, calling malnutrition and cold weather as
Lara Tavoschi, Silvia Forni, Andrea Porretta, Lorenzo Righi, Filippo Pieralli, Francesco Menichetti, Marco Falcone, Giulia Gemignani, Spartaco Sani, Paola Vivani, Tommaso Bellandi, Danilo Tacconi, Lucia Turini, Giulio Toccafondi, Gaetano Privitera, Pierluigi Lopalco, Angelo Baggiani, Fabrizio Gemmi, Grazia Luchini, Maurizio Petrillo, Lorenzo Roti, Patrizio Pezzotti, Annalisa Pantosti, Stefania Iannazzo, Maria Teresa Mechi, Gian Maria Rossolini and on behalf of the Tuscan Clinical Microbiology Laboratory Net
In Tuscany, Italy, New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (NDM-CRE) have increased since November 2018. Between November 2018 and October 2019, 1,645 samples were NDM-CRE-positive: 1,270 (77.2%) cases of intestinal carriage, 129 (7.8%) bloodstream infections and 246 (14.9%) infections/colonisations at other sites. Klebsiella pneumoniae were prevalent (1,495; 90.9%), with ST147/NDM-1 the dominant clone. Delayed outbreak identification and response resulted in sustained NDM-CRE transmission in the North-West area of Tuscany, but successfully contained spread within the region.
In December of 2018, Wyoming identified the state's first case of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) containing mcr-1, which is a gene that can make bacteria resistant to colistin, a drug that can be the last resort for some multidrug-resistant infections like CRE.
Coronavirus -- ChinaChina's ability to control a rapidly spreading coronavirus epidemic is under further strain amid fears that a key test used to confirm new cases is failing to catch large numbers of people with the disease. Problems with so-called nucleic acid tests (NATs) widely used to identify the presence of the previously unknown pneumonia-causing virus make it likely that many infections are going uncounted even as the number of confirmed cases continues to spiral.Authorities are still struggling to
Ine Wouters, Stefanie Desmet, Liesbet Van Heirstraeten, Sereina A Herzog, Philippe Beutels, Jan Verhaegen, Herman Goossens, Pierre Van Damme, Surbhi Malhotra-Kumar, Heidi Theeten and NPcarriage Study Group
The current carriage study was set up to reinforce surveillance during/after the PCV13-to-PCVC10 switch in Belgium.
This observational study monitored carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae (Sp) serotypes, particularly those no longer covered (3, 6A, 19A), as well as Haemophilus influenzae (Hi), because PCV10 contains the non-typeable Hi protein D.
A total of 2,615 nasopharyngeal swabs from children (6–30 months old) attending day care were collected in three periods over 2016–2018. Children’s demographic and clinical characteristics and vaccination status were obtained through a questionnaire. Sp and Hi were identified by culture and PCR. Pneumococcal strains were tested for antimicrobial (non-)susceptibility by disc diffusion and serotyped by Quellung-reaction (Quellung-reaction and PCR for serotypes 3, 6A, 19A).
The carriage prevalence of Sp (> 75%) remained stable over the successive periods but that of Hi increased (87.4%, 664 Hi-carriers/760 in 2016 vs 93.9%, 895/953 in 2017–2018). The proportion of non-PCV13 vaccine serotypes decreased (94.6%, 438 isolates/463 in 2016 vs 89.7%, 599/668 in 2017–2018) while that of PCV13-non-PCV10 vaccine serotypes (3 + 6A + 19A) increased (0.9%, 4 isolates/463 in 2016 vs 7.8%, 52/668 in 2017–2018), with serotype 19A most frequently identified (87.9%, 58/66 isolates). Non-susceptibility of pneumococci against any of the tested antibiotics was stable over the study period (> 44%).
During and after the PCV13-to-PCV10 vaccine switch, the proportion of non-PCV13 serotypes decreased, mainly due to a serotype 19A carriage prevalence increase. These results complement invasive pneumococcal disease surveillance data, providing further basis for pneumococcal vaccination programme policy making.
Jantien A Backer, Don Klinkenberg and Jacco Wallinga
A novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is causing an outbreak of viral pneumonia that started in Wuhan, China. Using the travel history and symptom onset of 88 confirmed cases that were detected outside Wuhan in the early outbreak phase, we estimate the mean incubation period to be 6.4 days (95% credible interval: 5.6–7.7), ranging from 2.1 to 11.1 days (2.5th to 97.5th percentile). These values should help inform 2019-nCoV case definitions and appropriate quarantine durations.
Coronavirus, Polio, Meningitis, Pneumonia, Tuberculosis, Dengue, Other Human Disease, Typhus, Hepatitis B, Chikungunya, Zika virus, Mumps, Measles, Rubella, Yellow Fever, West Nile Virus, Cytomegalovirus, HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Chagas, Avian Influenza, Legionnaires', Whooping Cough, Hepatitis E, Tick-borne Encephalitis, Hepatitis C -- ChinaThe continuing 2019-nCoV epidemic threat of novel coronaviruses to global health: the latest 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China.David S Hui, Esam I Azhar, Tariq A Madani, Francine Ntoumi, Richard Kock, Osman Dar, et al.Int J Infect Dis. 2020; 91(Feb): 264-266.Extra time and penalties in the polio endgame.Melinda Suchard, Oyewale Tomori, Lucille BlumbergInt J Infect Dis. 2020; 91(Feb): 252-254.Original reportsBacterial
Coronavirus -- Worldwide/UnknownProf Joseph T Wu, PhD, Kathy Leung, PhD, Prof Gabriel M Leung, MD. Nowcasting and forecasting the potential domestic and international spread of the 2019-nCoV outbreak originating in Wuhan, China: a modelling study.SummaryBackgroundSince 31 Dec 2019, the Chinese city of Wuhan has reported an outbreak of atypical pneumonia caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Cases have been exported to other Chinese cities, as well as internationally, threatening to trigger a global
Coronavirus -- ChinaRecently, some medical institutions found that many of the pneumonia cases received were related to South China Seafood City. After receiving the report, the Municipal Health and Health Commission immediately launched a case search and retrospective investigation related to South China Seafood City in the city's medical health institutions; 27 cases have been found, of which 7 are in serious condition, and the remaining cases are stable and controllable. Two patients are expected to be
Coronavirus -- ChinaCitation:Qun Li, M. Med., Xuhua Guan, PhD, Peng Wu, PhD, Xiaoye Wang, Lei Zhou, M.Med., Yeqing Tong, et al.: Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia. New England Journal of Medicine. 2020; DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa2001316AbstractBackgroundThe initial cases of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)-infected pneumonia (NCIP) occurred in Wuhan, Hubei province, China, in December 2019 and January 2020. We analyzed data on the 1st 425 confirmed cases in
Julien Riou and Christian L. Althaus
Since December 2019, China has been experiencing a large outbreak of a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) which can cause respiratory disease and severe pneumonia. We estimated the basic reproduction number R0 of 2019-nCoV to be around 2.2 (90% high density interval: 1.4–3.8), indicating the potential for sustained human-to-human transmission. Transmission characteristics appear to be of similar magnitude to severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and pandemic influenza, indicating a risk of global spread.
Coronavirus -- China840 new cases of pneumonia caused by new coronavirus infection were added in Hubei Province (315 in Wuhan, 33 in Huangshi, 23 in Shiyan, and new [sic?] in Xiangyang). 61 new cases, 12 new cases in Yichang, 30 new cases in Jingzhou, 28 new cases in Jingmen, 27 new cases in Ezhou, 101 new cases in Xiaogan City, 111 new cases in Huanggang City, 21 new cases in Xianning City (46 cases in Suizhou City, 13 cases in Enshi Prefecture, 5 cases in Xiantao City, 11 cases in Tianmen City, 1 case in
Clinical Immunology Society (CIS) annual meeting 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
2.04.2020 - 5.04.2020
International Liver Congress (ILC) 2020
15.04.2020 - 19.04.2020
European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) 2020
18.04.2020 - 21.04.2020
DSI årsmøde 2020 (aflyst)
Hindsgavl Slot, Middelfart
1.05.2020 - 2.05.2020
Kursus i rejsemedicin 2020
Statens Serum Institut
4.05.2020 - 6.05.2020
COVID-19 retningslinje (2020)
National handlingsplan for antibiotika til mennesker (2017)
Retningslinjer til sundhedsprofessionelle vedr. håndtering af infektion med zikavirus (2019)
Antiviral behandling af hiv smittede personer (2019)
Clinical Features and Short-term Outcomes of 102 Patients with Corona Virus Disease 2019 in Wuhan, China
2.04.2020Clinical Infectious Diseases Advance Access
A randomized clinical trial to compare P. falciparum gametocytaemia and infectivity following blood-stage or mosquito bite induced controlled malaria infection
2.04.2020The Journal of Infectious Diseases Advance Access
Vertical transmission of gut microbiome and antimicrobial resistance genes in infants exposed to antibiotics at birth
2.04.2020The Journal of Infectious Diseases Advance Access
Safeguard research in the time of COVID-19
Modelling COVID-19 transmission: from data to intervention
2.04.2020The Lancet Infectious Diseases
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