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IAI Accepts: Articles Published Ahead of Print, 11.06.2018 Tilføjet 12.06.2018 06:34
1Short-Chain Fatty Acids (SCFAs) alter metabolic and virulence attributes of Borrelia burgdorferi [PublishAheadOfPrint]
Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) responds to a variety of host-derived factors and appropriately alters its gene expression for adaptation under different host-specific conditions. We previously showed that varying levels of acetate, a Short-Chain Fatty Acid (SCFA), altered the protein profile of Bb. In this study, we determined the effects of other physiologically relevant SCFAs in the regulation of metabolic/virulence-associated proteins using mutant borrelial strains. No apparent increase in the synthesis of Outer surface protein C (OspC) was noted when carbon storage regulator A (csrABb) mutant was propagated within dialysis membrane chambers implanted within rat peritoneal cavity while the parental wild type (B31-A3 strain, wt) and csrABb cis-complemented strain (ct) had increased OspC with a reciprocal reduction in OspA levels. Growth rates of wt, mt, ct, 7D (csrABb mutant lacking 7 amino acids at the C-terminus) and 8S (csrABb with site-specific changes altering its RNA-binding properties) borrelial strains were similar in the presence of acetate. Increased levels of propionate and butyrate reduced the growth rates of all strains tested with mt and 8S exhibiting profound growth deficit at higher concentrations of propionate. Transcriptional levels of rpoS and ospC were elevated on supplementation of SCFAs compared to untreated spirochetes. Immunoblot analysis revealed elevated levels of RpoS, OspC and DbpA with increased levels of SCFAs. Physiological levels of SCFAs prevalent in select human and rodent fluids were synergistic with mammalian host temperature and pH to increase the levels of aforementioned proteins, which could impact the colonization of Bb during the mammalian phase of infection.