Søgning på udtrykket 'urin' giver 42 resultater


Kalender [2] Nyt fra tidsskrifterne [+20] Aktuelle smitsomme sygdomme [+20]

Kalender [2]

1. marts 2019, Novo Nordisk Fonden, Tuborg Havnevej 19, 2900 Hellerup

Nyt fra tidsskrifterne [+20]

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Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
20.01.2023
…V-associated tuberculosis (HIV/TB), a leading cause of critical illness and death among persons-living-with-HIV (PLWH) in sub-Saharan Africa, is incompletely understood. Reflective of hematogenously disseminated TB, detection of lipoarabinomannan (LAM) in urine is associated with greater bacillary burden and poor outcomes in adults with HIV/TB. Methods: . We determined the relationship between detection of urine TB-LAM, organ dysfunction, and host immune responses in a prospective cohort of adults hospitali…
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
18.01.2023
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Volume 120, Issue 4, January 2023.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
18.01.2023
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Volume 120, Issue 4, January 2023.
Clinical Infectious Diseases
13.01.2023
AbstractObjectiveLimited data are available to guide effective antibiotic durations for hospitalized patients with complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI).MethodsWe conducted an observational study of patients ≥18 years at 24 United States hospitals to identify the optimal treatment duration for patients with cUTI. To increase the likelihood patients experienced true infection, eligibility was limited to those with associated bacteremia. Propensity scores were generated for an inverse probability of t…
Malaria Journal
7.01.2023
…eillance and control of outdoor mosquito vector populations can substantially improve their efficacy when baited with synthetic human and animal odours. This study aimed at assessing the dose–dependent efficacy of a previously developed synthetic cattle urine odour to lure malaria vectors, and other mosquito species, to traps placed at different distances from human dwellings outdoors. . . Methods. The efficacy of the catt…
BMC Infectious Diseases
29.12.2022
…Extraintestinal infections have been reported infrequently, mostly in immunocompromised and chronically ill patients. . . Case presentation. Our report describes a case of urinary tract infection caused by E. tarda in a 4-year-old female patient with a history of urinary tract infection and a complaint of fever, dysuria, and frequency. E. tarda was identified as the pathogen isolated from the urine culture. The patient's sym…
International Journal of Infectious Diseases
16.12.2022
: To assess whether having a pet in the home is a risk factor for community-acquired urinary tract infections associated with extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)- or AmpC β-lactamase (ACBL)- producing Enterobacterales.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
5.12.2022
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Volume 119, Issue 50, December 2022.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection
1.12.2022
The diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) relies on quantitative identification of uropathogenic microorganisms in urine specimens from patients with relevant symptoms [1]. According to international guidelines, the quantitative threshold of bacteriuria compatible with symptomatic UTI is 105 bacteria·ml-1 [1]. Most urine samples are contaminated by the urogenital microbiota containing up to 102 microorganisms·ml-1 that may rapidly proliferate in urine. Consequently, this may lead to false-positive cu…
Science Advances
23.11.2022
Science Advances, Volume 8, Issue 47, November 2022.
Journal of Infectious Diseases
15.11.2022
ABSTRACTBackgroundUrine exosomal bkv-miR-B1-5p is associated with BK virus (BKV) nephropathy (BKVN); however, its post-transplantation changes and predictability for BKVN have not been determined in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs).MethodsUrine exosomal bkv-miR-B1-5p and urine and plasma BKV DNA were measured at 2 weeks and 3, 6, and 12 months post-transplant in 83 KTRs stratified into biopsy-proven or presumptive BKVN, BKV viruria, and no evidence of BKV reactivation. Joint model, multivariable Cox mode…
BMJ Open
1.11.2022
. Introduction. Methenamine hippurate is a urinary antiseptic used as preventive treatment for recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in some Scandinavian countries. However, the scientific evidence for the preventive effect and safety for longer-term use is limited. The aim of this study is to assess whether methenamine hippurate can reduce the incidence of UTIs in older women with recurrent UTIs. . Methods and analysis. The ImpresU consortium is a collaboration between Norway, Sweden, Poland and t…
BMJ Open
1.11.2022
…ch may not only affect natural pregnancy and natural fertility but also affect the outcomes of in vitro fertilisation (IVF). BPA exposure may help to partly explain the unsatisfactory IVF outcomes, but the relationship between the concentrations of BPA in urine and IVF outcomes remains controversial. Therefore, we will perform a meta-analysis to identify and review the relationship between urinary BPA concentrations and IVF outcomes. . Methods and analysis. A comprehensive literature search will be perfo…
BMC Infectious Diseases
28.10.2022
. Abstract. . Background. Urinary tract infections are one of the most common infections in primary and secondary care, with the majority of antimicrobial therapy initiated empirically before culture results are available. In some cases, however, over 40% of the bacteria that cause UTIs are resistant to some of the antimicrobials used, yet we do not know how the patient outcome is affected in terms of relapse, treatment …
AIDS
26.10.2022
Objective: . . Access to viral load measurements is constrained in resource-limited settings. A lateral flow urine tenofovir (TFV) rapid assay (UTRA) for patients whose regimens include TFV offers an affordable approach to frequent adherence monitoring. . Design: . . We conducted a cross-sectional study of patients to assess the utility of UTRA to predict virologic failure, defined as a viral load greater than 400 copies/ml. . Methods: . . We assessed urine TFV among 113 participants at increase…
BMJ Open
12.10.2022
. Objective. The objective of this study was to evaluate how urine drug screening (UDS) frequency is associated with retention in opioid agonist treatment (OAT). . Methods. Data for this retrospective cohort study of 55 921 adults in OAT in Ontario, Canada, were derived from administrative sources between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2015. All patient information was linked anonymously across databases using encrypted health card numbers. Descriptive statistics were calculated for comparing UDS frequ…
Journal of the American Medical Association
4.10.2022
Treatment of complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) has become increasingly complex, with rising antimicrobial resistance, high-risk patient populations, and limited numbers of novel antimicrobial therapies for resistant organisms. There is a particular need for effective therapies to treat complicated UTIs caused by organisms that produce extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL).
Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
1.10.2022
Purpose of review . . Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and urinary tract infections (UTI) are two common childhood infections often leading to hospital admission. National guidelines for CAP and UTI in children recommend durations of antibiotic therapy of 10 days and 7–14 days, respectively. Due to concerns of rising antimicrobial resistance and an increased awareness of harms associated with prolonged courses of antibiotics, there is a renewed emphasis on reevaluating commonly prescribed durations of…
Antimicrobial Agents And Chemotherapy
28.09.2022
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, Ahead of Print.

Aktuelle smitsomme sygdomme [+20]

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Eurosurveillance latest updates
28.07.2022
. Background. Evidence on the distribution of bacteria and therapy recommendations in male outpatients with urinary tract infections (UTI) remains insufficient. . . Aim. We aimed to report frequency distributions and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of bacteria causing UTI in men and to identify risk factors for resistance of Escherichia coli against trimethoprim (TMP) and ciprofloxacin (CIP). . . Methods. We conducted a retrospective observational study using routinely collected midstream urine spe…
Medscape Infectious Diseases
14.05.2022
A new study found that routine urine testing did not reduce the risk of UTIs after office-based cytology. .
Statens Serum Institut
23.12.2016
Ny dansk forskning viser, at omskårne drenge og mænd har markant øget risiko for meatusstenose, som er den lægelige betegnelse for forsnævring af urinrørsåbningen. Meatusstenose har været kendt som komplikation til omskæring i over 100 år, men den nye, danske undersøgelse er det første befolkningsstudie i verden, der vurderer risikoen flere år efter indgrebet.
Statens Serum Institut
17.11.2016
Den 18. november lancerer Sundheds- og Ældreministeriet sammen med bl.a. SSI årets nationale antibiotikakampagne. I år er målet at bidrage til et mere rationelt forbrug af antibiotika til behandling af urinvejsinfektioner.
Statens Serum Institut
16.12.2015
Det nationale overvågningssystem for sygehuserhvervede infektioner, HAIBA (Hospital Acquired Infections Database), viser nu nationalt overblik over sygehuserhvervede urinvejsinfektioner. Data er tilgængelige på eSundhed.
ProMED
23.12.2022
…rax -- PhilippinesThe provincial veterinary office (PVET) confirmed the presence of a case of anthrax in the town of Santo Niño, Cagayan. On 23 Nov 2022 the livestock technician of the local government first reported to the PVET Disease Surveillance Task Force the sudden illness of some domestic buffaloes in Barangay Calassitan. They were seen with symptoms of anthrax, such as loss of appetite, lethargy or difficulty moving and hematuria or the presence of blood in the urine and sudden death.PVET conducted
Medscape Infectious Diseases
17.12.2022
With recent randomized trials, guidelines for treating urinary tract infections in men can now be based on solid data. . Medscape Medical News
ProMED
18.11.2022
…ptospirosis -- CubaDr Humberto Rivera Almaguer, head of the Zoonosis Program in [Holguín] province, warned that an increase in morbidity and mortality of leptospirosis has been observed in the territory, as a result of increased rainfall and contact with wastewater, essentially in livestock areas.This disease is essentially transmitted by rodents, but animal husbandry can be another source of infection, through contact with the urine of infected animals such as dogs, cattle, pigs, or horses; hence the need
Eurosurveillance latest updates
3.11.2022
…en dogs, cats and their cohabiting humans in the community in Lisbon, Portugal. . . Methods. A prospective longitudinal study was performed from 2018 to 2020. Faecal samples from dogs and cats either healthy or diagnosed with a skin and soft tissue or urinary tract infection, and their cohabiting humans were screened for the presence of colistin-resistant E. coli. All isolates were tested by broth microdilution against colistin and 12 other antimicrobials. Colistin-resistant isolates were screened for 3…
Medscape Infectious Diseases
15.09.2022
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are considered common, but they are often inaccurately diagnosed and inappropriately treated. As medical providers and antimicrobial stewards, we need to do better. .
Eurosurveillance latest updates
28.07.2022
. Background. Evidence on the distribution of bacteria and therapy recommendations in male outpatients with urinary tract infections (UTI) remains insufficient. . . Aim. We aimed to report frequency distributions and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of bacteria causing UTI in men and to identify risk factors for resistance of Escherichia coli against trimethoprim (TMP) and ciprofloxacin (CIP). . . Methods. We conducted a retrospective observational study using routinely collected midstream urine spe…
Eurosurveillance latest updates
14.07.2022
…MPX) outbreak has expanded worldwide since May 2022. We tested 147 clinical samples collected at different time points from 12 patients by real-time PCR. MPX DNA was detected in saliva from all cases, sometimes with high viral loads. Other samples were frequently positive: rectal swab (11/12 cases), nasopharyngeal swab (10/12 cases), semen (7/9 cases), urine (9/12 cases) and faeces (8/12 cases). These results improve knowledge on virus shedding and the possible role of bodily fluids in disease transmission.
Medscape Infectious Diseases
14.05.2022
A new study found that routine urine testing did not reduce the risk of UTIs after office-based cytology. .
Eurosurveillance latest updates
7.04.2022
…ta were collected between October 2016 and July 2017 in a probability sample of the general population aged 18–49 years. Computer-assisted face-to-face interviewing and self-completion of questionnaires were used. Respondents were invited to provide urine samples to be tested for STIs. . . Results. Of 1,929 survey participants, 1,087 individuals provided urine samples which were tested confidentially for C. trachomatis and a subset (n = 1,023) were tested anonymously for the other STIs…
Medscape Infectious Diseases
8.10.2021
Fear of antibiotic overuse and frustration with practitioners who prescribe them too freely are key sentiments from women with recurrent urinary tract infections.
Medscape Infectious Diseases
10.09.2021
There is an association between COVID-19 and new-onset urinary symptoms, including urination up to five times a night and a decreased quality of life, a new case series shows.
ProMED
6.09.2021
Other Human Disease -- BrazilRelated to a toxin found in fish and shellfish, Haff's disease [black urine disease] is rare, but it has caused some outbreaks in Brazil over the past 5 years. 176 kilometers [about 109 mi] from Manaus [Amazonas state], the city of Itacoatiara has caught the attention of the health authorities of Amazonas in recent days. Since 22 Aug 2021 dozens of residents have had a condition called rhabdomyolysis, marked by the destruction of the fibers making up the body's muscles. In the s…
ProMED
30.08.2021
Foodborne Illness -- BrazilThe "black urine disease" is a type of rhabdomyolysis, a name given to a syndrome generating the destruction of skeletal muscle fibers and release of elements from within the fibers (such as electrolytes, myoglobins, and proteins) into the blood. The name was given because of the discovery of the disease in a lake called Frisches Haff, in the Koningsberg region in 1924. The territory, on the Baltic Sea, belonged to Germany, but was later incorporated into Russia, constituting an e…
Medscape Infectious Diseases
2.08.2021
Men with urinary tract infections (UTIs) who do not have fever may need only 7 days of antibiotics, not the 14-day course typically used.
Eurosurveillance latest updates
24.06.2021
…er 2018 in Brescia province, northern Italy, an outbreak of Legionnaires' disease (LD) caused by Legionella pneumophila serogroup 2 (Lp2) occurred. The 33 cases (two fatal) resided in seven municipalities along the Chiese river. All cases were negative by urinary antigen test (UAT) and most were diagnosed by real-time PCR and serology. In only three cases, respiratory sample cultures were positive, and Lp2 was identified and typed as sequence type (ST)1455. In another three cases, nested sequence-based typi…

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